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2011年峇里島扶輪研習會

2011 Bali Rotary Institute

ZONES  6B, 7B, 10B

12月2-4日在印尼峇里島Grand Hyatt Bali Hotel舉行


英文原網頁       東南亞與東亞扶輪領導學院同學會

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About Bali

Bali is a small fertile island midway along the string if islands that makes up the Indonesia archipelago, stretching from Sumatra in the north-east to Papua of former Irian Jaya, on the border of Papua New Guinea in the south-east. It’s adjacent to java, the most heavily populated island and Lombok to the east.

Bali has an area of 5620 sqkm, measuring approximately 140 km by 80 km and is only 8 south of equator, with array area of mountains and beaches. It is one of the country's 33 provinces with the provincial capital at Denpasar towards the south of the island.

ECONOMY

Three decades ago, the Balinese economy was largely agriculture-based in terms of both output and employment. Tourism is now the largest single industry; and as a result, Bali is one of Indonesia’s wealthiest region sand is renowned for its highly developed arts, including dance, sculpture, painting, leather, metalworking and music.

Although in terms of output, tourism is the economy’s largest industry, agriculture is still the island’s biggest employer, most notably rice cultivation. Crops grown in smaller amounts include fruit, vegetables, Coffee arabica and other cash and subsistence crops. A significant number of Balinese are also fishermen. Bali is also famous for its artisans who produce batik and ikat cloth and clothing, wooden carvings, stone carvings and silverware.

Although significant tourism exists in the north, centre and east of the island, the tourist industry is overwhelmingly focused in the south. The main tourist locations are the town of Kuta (with its beach), and its outer suburbs (which were once independent townships) of Legian and Seminyak, Sanur, Jimbaran, Ubud, and Nusa Dua.

CLIMATE

Bali has a climate that is tropical all year. The average temperature hovers around 30 degrees Celsius year-round. There are dry and wet seasons, dry from April to September and wet from October to March but it can rain at any time of year and even during the wet season rain is likely to pass quickly. In general May to August are the best months in Bali. At that time of year the climate is likely to be cooler and the rains lightest. Around the coast, sea breezes temper the heat and as we move inland we also move up so the altitude works to keep things cool. It can get very cool up in the highlands and a warm sweater can be a good idea in mountain villages.

POPULATION

With 3.1 million people, Bali is a very densely populated island. The population is almost all Indonesian, with the usual small Chinese contingent in the big towns, a sprinkling of Indian merchants, plus a number of more or less permanent visitors amongst the Westerners in Bali.

CEREMONIES AND FESTIVALS

Estimated percentage of Hindu’s in Bali at 93.18%, 4.79% Moslems while about the balance are equally divided among Buddhist, Catholics and Protestants. There are many temples throughout Bali, yet mosques and churches are less common, but the Balinese are considered to be very tolerant and there was never been any religious friction on the island.

While the Balinese are very anxious to modernization and there are many examples of this everywhere, traditional Balinese life is strongly dominated by the religion, which takes effect on nearly every aspects of life. Every Balinese Hindu’s life is punctuated by ceremonies, which ensure repeated purification and continuing recognition of the battle between the forces of good and evil. The ceremonies also go along way towards maintaining family unity by repeatedly bringing families together for ceremonies and celebrations.

The Balinese are deeply religious people and fill their lives with symbolic worship and religious rites of passage. The local calendar is an unending procession of festivals and ceremonies with over 60 religious holidays a year. Ceremonies are held on specific days to bless the Gods of art, learning, agriculture and all other aspects of life.

Festivals are great occasion for appeasing the Gods with offerings of incense, fruit and flowers.
Traditional music and dances are performed and gods invited down to join the festivities


Entering Bali

On entry to Bali (Indonesia), each adult is allowed to bring in tax-free a maximum of one liter of alcoholic beverages and 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 100 grams of tobacco. There is no restriction on the movement of foreign currencies in and out of the country. On entry or departure, however, you are allowed to carry no more than 50.000 Indonesian Rupiah.

Weather

Although Indonesia is hot and humid throughout the year, the official wet season runs from October to April and is marked by heavy, short rainstorms after which the air is fresher. Temperature range from 21 to 33° Celsius in the lowlands. Higher altitudes enjoy cooler conditions.

Exchange Rates

Exchange facilities for the main foreign currencies are available in the major cities of Indonesia including Bali.
Rupiah come in denominations of 100.000, 50.000, 20.000, 10.000, 5000, 1000, 500 and 100 in bank notes, and 1000, 500, 100, 50, 25,10 and 5 in coins.

Communication

Long-distance telephone calls within Indonesia are by direct dialing. International Direct Dialing (IDD) is available in all provincial capitals and in more than 320 cities throughout the country. For the business traveler, local and international phone, facsimile and telex services are available in most hotels and resorts. In public places, telecommunication services can be found by look for a sign of WARTEL. Internet services are also available at many cyber caf臃 and places with a sign of WARNET.
IDD Code 001, 007 or 008 followed by Country code + Area code + Local area number.
IDD Inquiries 102
Local Inquiries 108
Operator Assisted 101 or 104

Time Zone

Indonesia is divided into three time zones. Western Indonesia Time (Sumatra, Java, West and Central Kalimantan) is 7 hours ahead of GMT, Central Indonesia Time (Bali, South and East Kalimantan, Sulawesi and Nusa Tenggara) is 8 hours ahead of GMT, and East Indonesia Time (Maluku and Papua) is 9 hours ahead of GMT.

Electricity

50Hz at either 110 or 220 volts. Most electrical plugs are set to take a two-pin plug. Purchase an international adapter or ask your villa staff to borrow you one.

Government Office Hour

Most government offices are open from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. On Fridays, they close at 11.30 p.m. On Saturdays, they are open until 2 p.m. or 3 p.m. Business offices open from 8 a.m. or 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. or 5 p.m. Some work half-day on Saturdays. Banks open from 8 a.m. to 3 p.m. on weekdays. Foreign banks are closed on Saturdays.


Travel Tips & Suggestions

  • Do take Rupiah with you when traveling especially to the village. Keep small change on hand because it will be needed when riding public transportation or buying a drink in warung.

  • Don’t enter a temple during menstruation. When visiting a temple, always wear a sash or sarong and do not walk in front of people praying.

  • Do change your money only in banks or authorized money changers. When changing money, always insist on an official receipt at the time of the transaction and take your time to make sure the money received matches the total shown on the receipt.

  • Don’t attempt to swim outside designated areas on the beach. There are red and yellow flags, swim between them.

  • Don’t collect of corals or shells or the purchase of any items made from these materials. Also do not purchase any items made from endangered animal product.

  • Do reconfirm your flight at least 48 hours prior to your next flying. Please consider making a photocopy of your airline tickets and the identifying pages of your passport.

  • Don’t deal in or do drugs. A death penalty could await!

  • Do leave your important travel documents in your hotel safe and be careful with your belongings at all times. Make a list of all travelers’ checks and your credit card details. Store all of this data separately from your wallet. Having these details at hand will speed replacement in the event of loss.

  • Don’t attempt to hire a car or motorbike without full insurance. It is important to have travel insurance as it will cover you if you are involved in an accident.

  • Do drink only boiled, distilled or mineral water. Try to get yourself used to the local food, however the flavours sometimes unusual.

  • Don’t attempt to get in the way of the attendees when seeing processions though it’s a good chance to take a photograph.

  • Do respect local customs and traditions when visiting a temple. Please note that this is a land where prayer and religious festivals take center stage.

  • Don’t stand or sit higher than the offerings and the priest when visiting a temple.

  • Do show respect and avoid honking if you trapped behind the slow pace of local processions.

  • Don’t attempt to use a flash in your camera in front of the priest or people praying.

  • Do try to avoid stepping on offerings in the street and walk around them.

  • Don’t touch people’s heads. It is considered offensive.

  • We suggest you bring the following items on your holiday trip to Bali:

  • A camera (digital camera is recommended). Print processing and film is available at numerous location around the city.

  • Ready-to-wear clothing that is machine washable. These are available in most art markets or department stores so you might enjoy purchasing new items for your wardrobe during your holiday.

  • Sunglasses, hat, binocular and swimwear.

  • A pair of comfortable walking shoes. This is is highly recommended; particularly when you joining one of trekking programs.

  • Sufficient supply of prescription drugs.

  • Any important items related to your medical history and the contact information for your physician in your home country.